Uragan (Hurricane) Earth-imaging investigation.Principal Investigator(s)
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)Sponsoring Organization
Information PendingResearch Benefits
Information PendingISS Expedition Duration:
November 2000 - September 2011Expeditions Assigned
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19/20,21/22,23/24,25/26,27/28Previous ISS Missions
Natural and man-made disasters entail a great number of victims and have a devastating effect upon the economies of many countries. Due to this fact, it is required to arrange at the ISS a permanent monitoring of the areas where natural and man-made disasters are forecasted, as well as prompt notifying public bodies and local authorities about unfavorable or disastrous development of events.
This experiment further develops a sequence of visual observations of the Earth surface started earlier at the Mir station. The ISS RS-based subsequent expeditions will build up an automatic observation system designed to watch the development of catastrophic events via electronic-optical equipment, which is on a par with the world standards set in its characteristics and provides round-the-clock monitoring capability. Initial classification and decoding of catastrophic event signs will be carried out by cosmonauts onboard the ISS RS using a dedicated software. During conduct of a spaceborne experiment operational recording and downlink transmission of data on catastrophic event origination, development and scope are planned to be carried out. Observation and registration of development of ISS RS downlinked catastrophic phenomena and development of criteria of classification and decoding of catastrophic phenomena indications.
Information PendingEarth Applications
Binocular spyglass with a digital video camera Sony DCR-TRV9E.Operational Protocols
Conduct of visual observations followed by recording of catastrophic phenomena development processes on video and photography apparatus.
A generation of computer-aided databases on recorded catastrophic phenomena. Also, the preliminary development of decoding criteria for downlinked images of catastrophes followed by their classification.